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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2009

Two Kdo-Heptose Regions Identified in Hafnia alvei 32 Lipopolysaccharide: the Complete Core Structure and Serological Screening of Different Hafnia O Serotypes

Lukasiewicz, Jolanta; Niedziela, Tomasz; Jachymek, Wojciech; Kenne, Lennart; Lugowski, Czeslaw


Hafnia alvei, a gram-negative bacterium, is an opportunistic pathogen associated with mixed hospital infections, bacteremia, septicemia, and respiratory diseases. Various 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo)-containing fragments different from known structures of core oligosaccharides were previously found among fractions obtained by mild acid hydrolysis of some H. alvei lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). However, the positions of these segments in the LPS structure were not known. Analysis of de-N,O-acylated LPS by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry allowed the determination of the location of a Kdo-containing trisaccharide in the structure of H. alvei PCM 32 LPS. It was established that the trisaccharide {L-alpha-D-Hepp-(1 -> 4)-[alpha-D-Galp6OAc-(1 -> 7)]-alpha-Kdop-(2 ->} is an integral part of the outer-core oligosaccharide of H. alvei 32 LPS. The very labile ketosidic linkage between -> 4,7)-alpha-Kdop and -> 2)-Glcp in the core oligosaccharide was identified. Screening for this Kdo-containing trisaccharide was performed on the group of 37 O serotypes of H. alvei LPSs using monospecific antibodies recognizing the structure. It was established that this trisaccharide is a characteristic component of the outer-core oligosaccharides of H. alvei 2, 32, 600, 1192, 1206, and 1211 LPSs. The weaker cross-reactions with LPSs of strains 974, 1188, 1198, 1204, and 1214 suggest the presence of similar structures in these LPSs, as well. Thus, we have identified new examples of endotoxins among those elucidated so far. This type of core oligosaccharide deviates from the classical scheme by the presence of the structural Kdo-containing motif in the outer-core region.

Published in

Journal of Bacteriology
2009, volume: 191, number: 2, pages: 533-544

Authors' information

Lukasiewics, Jolanta
Niedziela, Tomasz
Jachymek, Wojciech
Kenne, Lennart
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Chemistry
Lugowski, Czeslaw

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science

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