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Research article2009Peer reviewed

An N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase gene, cr-nag1, from the biocontrol agent Clonostachys rosea is up-regulated in antagonistic interactions with Fusarium culmorum

Mamarabadi Mojtaba, Jensen Dan Funck, Lubeck Mette


Clonostachys Tosea is a widely distributed fungus that often acts as a parasite on other soil fungi. This fungus has also been reported as a potential parasite against nematodes and insects. The antagonistic activity is thought to be correlated with the secretion of cell wall-degrading enzymes, including chitinases. In this work, we identified and characterized an N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase-encoding gene, cr-nag1, belonging to glycosyl hydrolase family 20, from the C. rosea strain IK726 using a degenerated primer strategy designed from conserved motifs. The complete gene, including its promoter region, was obtained by genomic walking. Southern analysis showed that cr-nag1 is present as a single copy gene in C. rosea. Phylogenetically, cr-nag1 howed the highest similarity to N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase genes from other mycoparasitic fungi. Enzymatic assays and RT-PCR showed that the NAGase activity of C. rosea is specifically repressed in medium containing a high glucose content and is expressed in media containing chitin or Fusarium culmorum cell walls as sole carbon sources. Macroscopic and microscopic observations indicated that the mycelial growth of F. culmorum and Pythium ultimum were inhibited during interactions with C. rosea. High expression of cr-nag1 was found in interactions between C. rosea and F. culmorum, whereas the expression of cr-nag1 in interactions between C. rosea and P. ultimum was similar to the control. This indicates that although C. rosea secretes chitin-hydrolysing agents in order to target the cell wall of F. culmorum, it seems to use another strategy for controlling the development of the oomycete P. ultimum. (C) 2008 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Biocontrol; Chitinase; Clonostachys rosea; Mycoparasitism; N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase; RT-PCR

Published in

Mycological Research
2009, Volume: 113, number: 1, pages: 33-43
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

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