Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)

Research article2008Peer reviewed

Species identification of individual trees by combining high resolution LIDAR data with multi-spectral images

Holmgren, J.; Persson, A.; Soderman, U.


The objectives of this study were to identify useful predictive factors for tree species identification of individual trees and to compare classifications based on a combination of LiDAR data and multi-spectral images with classification by the use of each individual data source. Crown segments derived from LiDAR data were mapped to multi-spectral images for extraction of spectral data within individual tree crowns. Several features, related to height distribution of laser returns in the canopy, canopy shape, proportion of different types of laser returns, and intensity of laser returns, were derived from LiDAR data. Data from a test site in southern Sweden were used (lat. 58 degrees 30'N, long. 13 degrees 40' E). The forest consisted of Norway spruce (Picea abies), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), and deciduous trees. Classification into these three tree species groups was validated for 1711 trees that had been detected in LiDAR data within 14 field plots (sizes of 20 x 50m(2) or 80 x 80m(2)). The LiDAR data were acquired by the TopEye MkII system (50 LiDAR measurements per m(2)) and the multi-spectral images were taken by the Zeiss/Intergraph Digital Mapping Camera. The overall classification accuracy was 96% when both data sources were combined.

Published in

International Journal of Remote Sensing
2008, Volume: 29, number: 5, pages: 1537-1552

    Associated SLU-program


    UKÄ Subject classification

    Forest Science

    Publication identifier


    Permanent link to this page (URI)