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Research article2006

Repelling properties of some plant materials on the tick Ixodes ricinus L

Thorsell W, Mikiver A, Tunon H


The repellent effects on nymphal stages of Ixodes ricinus L. of some plant materials have been studied in the laboratory. The plant material consisted of an ethanolic extract from Achillea millefolium L., and volatile oils of birch and/or pine tar, citronella, cloves, eucalyptus, geranium, lavender, lily of the valley and peppermint. The most pronounced effects were observed for the oils of citronella, cloves and lily of the valley. They possessed repelling activities of the same magnitude as the reference repellent DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide). Some major constituents of these oils, e.g. citronellol and geraniol (oil of citronella and lily of the valley) and eugenol (oil of cloves) showed pronounced repelling effects. This was also the case for phenethyl alcohol, a minor component in the oil from lily of the valley. (c) 2005 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved

Published in

2006, Volume: 13, number: 1-2, pages: 132-134

    Associated SLU-program

    SLU Swedish Biodiversity Centre

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