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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2001

Electrochemical treatment (EchT) effects in rat mammary and liver tissue. In vivo optimizing of a dose-planning model for EChT of tumours

von Euler H, Nilsson E, Olsson JM, Lagerstedt AS

Abstract

Background: A reinvented technique for tumour therapy, electrochemical treatment (EChT), is attracting increasing attention. This study compared results from treatment of liver and mammary tissue focusing on destruction and pH changes in the tissue close to the treatment electrodes. Subsequently, data were compared with a dose-planning model. Methods: Mammary or liver tissue in 50 adult female Sprague Dawley rats was given EChT with a constant, direct current. The electrodes used were Pt/Ir (9:1) with spherical tips. In situ pH measurements were taken with a micro-combination glass electrode. Results: Spherical lesions were produced in both liver and mammary tissue. No significant difference was detected when comparing the size of the lesions in the two kinds of tissue. Similar pH profiles were obtained in tissue surrounding the electrodes, with pH values changing rapidly from unphysiological to neutral status within the space of a few millimetres. The pH at the border of the macroscopic destruction zone, regardless of tissue type or coulomb dosage, correlated well with specific values (4.5-5.5 at the anode and between 9 and 10 at the cathode). Conclusion: The analogous destruction patterns in mammary and liver tissue support the hypothesis that EChT has similar results in at least these two different types of tissue. This implies that the destructive pattern caused by the treatment may be the same also in tumours. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved

Published in

Bioelectrochemistry
2001, Volume: 54, number: 2, pages: 117-124
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA