Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2009
Genetics of crossbred sow longevityEngblom, L.; Lundeheim, N.; Schneider, M. del P.; Dalin, A. -M.; Andersson, K.
AbstractThe aim of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for longevity from Swedish crossbred sows to investigate the possibilities of selecting for this trait. Data were collected from 16 commercial piglet-producing herds, on crossbred (Landrace x Yorkshire) sows farrowing in the period 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2004. The data set with records on 10373 sows was split into two sets according to the breed of the sire, i.e. Landrace sires (LS) or Yorkshire sires (YS). Removal hazard during productive life (PL) was analysed with survival analysis, using a sire model. Stayability from first to second litter (STAY12), stayability from first to third litter (STAY13), length of productive life (LPL) and lifetime production (LTP) were analysed with linear models, using an animal model. Females after the worst sire had 1.7 times higher (progeny of LS) and 2.4 times higher (progeny of YS) risk of removal than females after the best sire. Heritability for PL was estimated at 0.06 (LS) and 0.12 (YS). The heritabilities for the linear longevity traits ranged from 0.03 to 0.08. Genetic correlations between the four linear longevity traits were all high and positive (0.6 to 1.0), as were the phenotypic correlations (0.5 to 0.8). The correlations (Spearman rank) between the sire's estimated breeding values for all the five longevity traits were all significant (P < 0.001) and moderate to strong in both data sets. Estimated breeding value (EBV) correlations between the five longevity traits and traits included in the present Swedish breeding evaluation (Quality Genetics (QG)) were significant in a few cases. Significant and favourable EBV correlations were found between age at first farrowing and both STAY12 and STAY13 (-0.20 and -0.31), as well as between litter weight at 3 weeks and LPL and UP (0.13 to 0.20). Significant and unfavourable EBV correlations were found between age at 100 kg and STAY12 (0.32), as well as between the exterior conformation score from testing station and PL (-0.20). The level of the estimated heritabilities for longevity indicates that genetic improvement of sow longevity would be possible. However, overall, there was no strong indirect selection for sow longevity with the current Swedish breeding evaluation (QG).
Keywordsgenetic; lifetime production; longevity; sow; stayability
2009, volume: 3, number: 6, pages: 783-790
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Schneider, Maria Del Pilar
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
UKÄ Subject classification
Animal and Dairy Science
URI (permanent link to this page)