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Research article2009Peer reviewed

Costs of alien invasive species in Sweden

Gren, Ing-Marie; Isacs, Lina; Carlsson, Mattias


The purpose of this paper is to present calculations of total costs of 13 alien invasive species (AIS) in Sweden. All species are subject to control by Swedish public authorities, and estimates for most AIS include either damage cost or actual control cost. The results indicate a total annual cost between approximately 1620 and 5080 million SEK, which correspond to SEK 175 and SEK 565 per capita in Sweden. The estimates are well within the range of similar calculations for other countries, but differ with respect to the composition of costs of different AIS. Whereas costs for the agricultural and forestry sectors dominate in most other studies, the costs of AIS in Sweden are more equally divided among different categories. The results also indicate that the highest costs are attributable to unintentionally introduced AIS and that the most reliable cost estimates are related to human and animal health.

Published in

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
2009, Volume: 38, number: 3, pages: 135-140

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    • UKÄ Subject classification

      Economics and Business
      Social Sciences
      Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

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