- Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Albaugh, Timothy J.; Bergh, Johan; Lundmark, Tomas; Nilsson, Urban; Stape, Jose Luiz; Allen, H. Lee; Linder, Sune
We developed site specific component (stem, branch, and foliage) biomass functions for two sites in Sweden (64 degrees and 57 degrees North latitude) where four treatments (control, irrigated, fertilized, irrigated plus fertilized) were applied in the existing Norway spruce stands (Picea abies L. Karst.) for 17 years. We tested for site effects in the component biomass equations and compared site specific biomass estimates to those generated using published functions (Lehtonen et al., 2004; Wirth et al., 2004). Site effects were significant for all components and indicated it would be unlikely to generate equations that well estimate biomass across the Norway spruce range as implicitly indicated in our efforts to generate species biomass expansion factors. We rejected our hypothesis that the published functions would well estimate component biomass for control plots. The published functions did not compare well with site specific component biomass estimates for the other treatments; both published functions well estimated stem mass up to stem mass of 25 Mg ha(-1), beyond which stem mass was overestimated, and both functions over and under estimated foliage and branch mass. Nor did the published functions compare well with each other, with stem, foliage and branch mass estimate differences of 12, 55, -8% and 11, 77, and 59% for the southern and northern sites, respectively, when averaged over all treatments and years. Adding limiting resources through fertilization increased stem, foliage and branch mass 57, 11, 18% and 120, 37, and 69% at the southern and northern sites, respectively, which would increase carbon sequestration and available stemwood and bioenergy materials. We recommend that more effort is spent in process-based modeling to better predict mass at a given site and ultimately provide better estimates of carbon sequestration and bioenergy material production changes. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Allometric relationships; BEFs; Picea abies; Stand biomass
Forest Ecology and Management
2009, Volume: 258, number: 12, pages: 2629-2637
SLU Future Forests