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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2009

Transcriptomic profile of two canine mammary cancer cell lines with different proliferative and anti-apoptotic potential

Krol, M.; Pawlowski, K. M.; Skierski, J.; Rao, N. A. S.; Hellmen, E.; Mol, J. A.; Motyl, T.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to identify the genes responsible for the high growth rate and antiapoptotic potential in selected canine mammary cancer cells. cDNA canine microarrays were used to compare the transcriptome in simple carcinoma CMT-U27 and spindle-cell tumor CMT-U309 cell lines. In CMT- U27 cell line the growth rate (shorter cell cycle), anti-apoptotic potential (higher expression of Bcl-2) was higher and spontaneous and induced apoptosis was lower. Comparison of transcriptomes revealed 333 genes which expression differed similarly. We focused on genes involved in cell proliferation, adhesion and apoptosis, and selected 29 of them. The high growth rate and anti-apoptotic potential in CMT-U27 cells was associated with enhanced expression of genes (at the level of transcripts) involved in Ca(2+) signaling pathway (Calmodulin 1, 2, 3 and SPSB2) and growth hormone cellular pathway. The low-proliferative and pro-apoptotic phenotype of CMT-U309 cells was more dependent on TGF beta, neuregulin I pathways and adhesion-related molecules.

Keywords

canine mammary cancer; gene expression profile; cDNA microarray; cell line gene expression

Published in

Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
2009, Volume: 60, number: Supplement 1, article number: PMID: 19609018

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Veterinary Science
    Animal and Dairy Science

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/28032