Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2009
Frying Quality Characteristics of French Fries Prepared in Refined Olive Oil and Palm OleinTabee, Elham; Jagerstad, Margaretha; Dutta, Paresh C.
AbstractThe objective of this study was to compare two oils with different polyunsaturated/saturated (P/S) fatty acid ratios, refined olive oil (P/S 0.75) and palm olein (P/S 0.25), in frying French fries. The chemical qualities of the oil residues extracted from the French fries were assayed for five consecutive batches fried at 1-h intervals. The levels of total polar compounds, free fatty acids, p-anisidine value and phytosterol oxidation products (POPs) were elevated in French fries fried in both oils. The level of total polar compounds increased from 4.6 in fresh refined olive oil to 7.3% in final batches of French fries. The corresponding figures for palm olein were 9.8-13.8%. The level of free fatty acid in fresh refined olive oil increased from 0.06 to 0.11% in final products. These figures for palm olein were 0.04-0.13%. The p-anisidine value increased from 3.7 to 32.8 and 2.5 to 53.4 in fresh oils and in final batches of French fries in refined olive oil and palm olein, respectively. The total amount of POPs in fresh refined olive oil increased from 5.1 to 9.6 mu g/g oil in final products. These figures were 1.9 to 5.3 mu g/g oil for palm olein.
Keywordsp-Anisidine value; Fatty acids; French fries; Frying oils; Palm olein; Phytosterol oxidation products; POPs; Refined olive oil; Total polar compounds
Published inJournal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
2009, volume: 86, number: 9, pages: 885-893
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Ministry of Health and Education, Iran
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