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Research article2009Peer reviewed

Rust severity in bioenergy willow plantations treated with additional nutrients

Toome, M.; Heinsoo, K.; Ramstedt, M.; Luik, A.


A 3-year field study was carried out to determine the effect of wastewater irrigation and previous differences in mineral fertilization on the occurrence of willow leaf rust (Melampsora epitea). The experiment was conducted in two energy forest plantations: one designed for wastewater purification and the other as a mineral fertilization experiment. The severity of leaf rust on different clones and sites with different treatments was assessed by counting the number of uredinia per leaf unit area. Generally, plants irrigated with wastewater consistently had more leaf rust, irrespective of the study years or willow clones. Previous mineral fertilization had mixed effects on different clones 2 years after the last application. Three years after the last fertilizer application, however, no impact of the treatment on rust disease development was detected. In general, the rust levels differed from year to year probably due to climate. In this study, no correlation was detected between shoot age and rust severity, whereas climate and treatments strongly influenced leaf rust levels on some willow clones.

Published in

Forest Pathology
2009, Volume: 39, number: 1, pages: 28-34
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Renewable Bioenergy Research
    Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
    Forest Science

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