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Research article2004Peer reviewed

Changes in plasma membrane and acrosome integrity of frozen-thawed bovine spermatozoa during a 4h incubation as measured by multicolor flow cytometry

Nagy S, Hallap T, Johannisson A, Rodriguez-Martinez H


Cryopreservation of bull semen is sub-optimal, causing cell death of a majority of spermatozoa. Even the surviving cells are affected post-thaw, either structurally or functionally. The aim of this study was to investigate the sequence of events that take place when sperm plasma membrane and acrosome deteriorate during a 4 h incubation period post-thaw, with special attention paid to the acrosome status of dying cells. Frozen-thawed semen of six AI dairy bulls was used. Three straws per batch were pooled and incubated at 37 degreesC. Sub-samples were taken at 30 min intervals and stained with SYBR 14, propidium iodide (PI) and phycoerythrin-conjugated peanut agglutinin (PE-PNA). Plasma membrane and acrosome integrity were measured by flow cytometry. The experiment was repeated three times. Immediately after thawing, only 3.45% of the dying cells showed acrosomal exocytosis. This number increased dramatically during incubation, reaching 67% after 4 h. Within the intact cell population, the overall decrease in viability and acrosome integrity was kept at five percentage points. Flow cytometry and the triple fluorochrome combination presented a detailed picture of the time course in plasma membrane and acrosome deterioration of frozen-thawed bull semen. The results are expected to be useful for monitoring new cryopreservation protocols. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Published in

Animal Reproduction Science
2004, Volume: 80, number: 3-4, pages: 225-235

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        Veterinary Science
        Animal and Dairy Science

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