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Conference paper2010Peer reviewed

Gait and force analysis methods applied in pig gait research

Nilsson, Christer; Pinzke, Stefan; von, Wachenfelt Hans


Claw injuries, leg weakness, or locomotor disorders are common problems in pigs. These disorders have been documented in scientific research for many years but the principal cause of the problem has been hard to find. In literature gait and force analysis have proven to be promising methods in linking claw injuries to surface material conditions. In present experiments the objective was to investigate if pig gait in different floor conditions can be characterised by a combination of kinematic and kinetic methods. To determine the relationship between claw disorder and floor physical properties, the factors controlling gait must be characterised. In the studies this was achieved by using kinematics and kinetics to record gait parameters and slip frequency. Kinematics were used to record gait parameters such as walking speed, stride length, swing and stance time, stride elevation together with limb support phases, gait symmetry, diagonality and duty factor. This was done by using two different types of digital video cameras with 25 Hz and 60 Hz frequency respectively. In both cases the film was imported, processed, and digitised in a commercial gait analysis programme. The kinetic method included a force plate which was used to record kinetic gait parameters such as stance time, vertical and horizontal forces, and time of peak vertical force. Ground reaction force (GRF) data were collected during the passage of moving pigs at 1 kHz. In the GRF data acquisition system the force plate was connected to a digital converter and a computer. The GRF was presented as three orthogonal components (longitudinal, latitudinal, and vertical force). The kinematic and kinetic methods proved to be reliable techniques for assessment of relevant gait parameters in characterising pig gait. The subject can be used as indicator in finding floor properties that better comply with the biological needs of the pig


Kinematics; Kinetics; Pig; Floor; Walk; Friction; Slip

Published in

Title: Proceedings of the XVIIth World Congress of the CIGR

Publisher: Canadian Society for Bioengineering (CSBE/SCGAB)


XVIIth World Congress of the International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (CIGR)

      SLU Authors

    • Nilsson, Christer

      • Department of Rural Buildings and Animal Husbandry [LBT], Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Von Wachenfelt, Hans

        • Department of Rural Buildings and Animal Husbandry [LBT], Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • UKÄ Subject classification

        Animal and Dairy Science
        Veterinary Science

        Permanent link to this page (URI)