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Report, 2010

CRUW Chemical Pulping sub-project 1; The influence of xylan on the sensitivity towards fiber damage

Daniel Geoffrey, Olsson, Ann-Mari, Ander Paul, Kaňuchová Andrea, Salmén Lennart, Filonova Lada, Sjöström Karin, Boussard Leif, Berg Staffan, Heijnesson-Hultén Anette, Lindstrom Curt


The aim of this study was to determine if the presence and position of xylan in the fiber wall are of importance for the degree of damage introduced into fibers during mechanical action in the cook. Kraft pulps from spruce with different amounts of xylan have been produced in the laboratory, either by adding birch xylan in different positions in the cook or by redistribution of spruce xylan. At the end of the cook, fiber damages were introduced by subjecting the fibers to shear and compression forces. The extra birch xylan had adsorbed on the fiber surfaces, the outer fiber walls (presumably S1/primary wall) as well as on the fiber cell lumen wall. Xylan penetration into the fiber wall was very low. A large variation in coverage of surface xylan within the fibers and between fibers was noted. No significant difference between pulps produced in the different ways or between the pulps produced with or without mechanical treatment could however be observed. The extra xylan added resulted as expected in an improved tensile strength development for these pulps. No direct indications were seen that the extra xylan added during the cook resulted in a lower amount of introduced damaged areas. But some positive tendencies could be noted for the pulps produced with extra xylan added including: a lower kink/mm and lower amount of cleavage/fiber measured by the HCL method; and the zero-span level and tear-tensile relationship were not inferior compared to the reference despite the higher xylan content. The removal and subsequent re-introduction of xylan into the cook seemed to negatively influence the strength properties, i.e. the tear-tensile relationship was inferior compared to the reference pulp. The redistribution procedure may have drained the fiber wall of xylan negatively influencing the strength properties


birch xylan; chemical pulp; fibre damage; physical properties; spruce; xylan

Published in

Intern rapport (CRUW)
2010, number: 2
Publisher: Department Forest Products, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      SLU Authors

    • Daniel, Geoffrey

      • Department of Forest Products, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Ander, Paul

        • Department of Forest Products, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
        • Stålhandske, Lada Dödsbo

          • Department of Forest Products, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

        UKÄ Subject classification

        Forest Science

        Permanent link to this page (URI)