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Research article2004Peer reviewedOpen access

Properties of two multifunctional plant fatty acid acetylenase/desaturase enzymes

Carlsson AS, Thomaeus S, Hamberg M, Stymne S

Abstract

The properties of the Delta6 desaturase/acetylenase from the moss Ceratodon purpureus and the Delta12 acetylenase from the dicot Crepis alpina were studied by expressing the encoding genes in Arabidopsis thaliana and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The acetylenase from C. alpinaDelta12 desaturated both oleate and linoleate with about equal efficiency. The desaturation of oleate gave rise to 9(Z),12(E)- and 9(Z),12(Z)-octadecadienoates in a ratio of approximately 3 : 1. Experiments using stereospecifically deuterated oleates showed that the pro-R hydrogen atoms were removed from C-12 and C-13 in the introduction of the 12(Z) double bond, whereas the pro-R and pro-S hydrogen atoms were removed from these carbons during the formation of the 12(E) double bond. The results suggested that the Delta12 acetylenase could accommodate oleate having either a cisoid or transoid conformation of the C-12-C-13 single bond, and that these conformers served as precursors of the 12(Z) and 12(E) double bonds, respectively. However, only the 9(Z),12(Z)-octadecadienoate isomer could be further desaturated to 9(Z)-octadecen-12-ynoate (crepenynate) by the enzyme. The evolutionarily closely related Delta12 epoxygenase from Crepis palaestina had only weak desaturase activity but could also produce 9(Z),12(E)-octadecadienoate from oleate. The Delta6 acetylenase/desaturase from C. purpureus, on the other hand, produced only the 6(Z) isomers using C16 and C18 acyl groups possessing a Delta9 double bond as substrates. The Delta6 double bond was efficiently further converted to an acetylenic bond by a second round of desaturation but only if the acyl substrate had a Delta12 double bond and that this was in the Z configuration

Keywords

acetylenase; Ceratodon purpureus; Crepis sp.; desaturase; Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Published in

European Journal of Biochemistry
2004, Volume: 271, number: 14, pages: 2991-2997
Publisher: BLACKWELL PUBLISHING LTD

      SLU Authors

    • Carlsson, Anders

      • Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Thomaeus, Stefan

        • Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
        • Stymne, Sten

          • Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

        UKÄ Subject classification

        Agricultural Science
        Renewable Bioenergy Research

        Publication identifier

        DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.2004.04231.x

        Permanent link to this page (URI)

        https://res.slu.se/id/publ/3108