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Research article2003Peer reviewed

The fate, distribution, and toxicity of lindane in tests with Chironomus riparius: Effects of bioturbation and sediment organic matter content

Goedkoop W, Peterson M


In this laboratory study, we address the effect of Chironomus bioturbation (0, 2,000, 6,000, and 18,000 ind/m(2)) and sediment organic matter content (10, 20, and 40%) on the fate, distribution, and bioavailability of C-14-lindane under standardized conditions in toxicity tests with artificial sediment. The results show that both Chironomus burrowing activity and sediment organic matter strongly modify test conditions. Larval mortality and development were inversely related with Chironomus densities and lindane concentration. Sediment organic matter content affected larval development rates but not mortality. Partitioning of lindane between the sediment, overlying water, and interstitial water was affected negatively by Chironomus larval densities; however, sediment partitioning was positively affected by sediment organic matter content. Bioturbation by Chironomus resulted in a remobilization of particle-associated lindane to the interstitial and overlying water, implying an increase in the bioavailability of the test compound. Strong positive relationships were found between Chironomus densities and lindane concentrations in interstitial water. The presence of Chironomus also resulted in lower label recovery. Label recovery on sediment particles ranged from 49 to 61% of initially added label in microcosms without Chironomus, from 41 to 56% at low larval densities, and from 15 to 50% at high larval densities. These results show that large discrepancies may exist between nominal test concentrations (from test compound additions) and true exposure concentrations even under standardized test conditions, which can introduce a relatively large error term in risk assessments. Calculations show that volatilization may be a quantitatively important sink for test compounds

Published in

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
2003, Volume: 22, number: 1, pages: 67-76
Publisher: SETAC

      SLU Authors

    • Goedkoop, Willem

      • Department of Environmental Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Peterson, Märit

        • Department of Environmental Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

      Publication identifier


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