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Conference paper2010

A new Nordic structure evaluation system for diets fed to dairy cows: a meta analysis

Norgaard, P.; Nadeau, E.; Randby, A. T.


The overall aim was to establish a model for predicting chewing index (CI) values for ranking the fibrousnesses of feeds fed to dairy cows within the Nordic Chewing index system. The CI values are predicted as the sum of the eating (EI) and ruminating time index (RI) values. The EI values are assumed to be proportional with the NDF content and a particle size factor through the proportionality factor k(EI). The RI values are assumed to be proportional with the NDF content, a particle size factor and a hardness factor through the proportionality factor k(RI). The k(EI), k(EI) values and the k(EI)/k(EI) ratios were parameterized as the mean eating (mET(f)), mean ruminating time (mRT(f)) per intake of forage NDF (NDFIf) and the mET(f)/mRT(f) ratio by a Meta analysis of 75 published values from cattle fed three types of unchopped forages with or without supplementation with concentrates. The intake of NDF from ground concentrate (NDFIc) and rolled barley (NDFIRB) was related to NDFIf in the models, which included effects of BW, NDFIf/BW, NDFIRB/BW, NDFIRB/NDFIf, NDFIc/NDFIf, DM content of silage, interaction between forage type and physiological state of the cattle, method for recording chewing, and with studies as random effect for ruminating time. The mRT(f) value per kg forage NDF decreased at increased BW and NDFIf/BW. The mET(f) value increased at increasing BW and at decreasing DM contents of grass silage. Intake of NDF from rolled barley stimulated ruminating time by 3/7 of the stimuli from NDFIf. The mET(f)/mRT(f) ratio, the mET(f) and mRT(f) values of grass silage fed to a standard cow, BW=625 kg, 0.7% NDFIf per kg of BW were predicted to 0.41 (min/min), and 41 and 109 (min/kg NDF), respectively.


chewing index; mean eating time; mean ruminating time; intake forage NDF

Published in

Title: Modelling nutrient digestion and utilization in farm animals
ISBN: 978-90-8686-156-9, eISBN: 978-90-8686-712-7
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers


7th International Workshop on Modelling Nutrient Digestion and Utilisation in Farm Animals, SEP 10-12, 2009, Paris, FRANCE

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Veterinary Science
    Animal and Dairy Science

    Publication identifier


    Permanent link to this page (URI)