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Doctoral thesis, 2010

The response of mast cells and serglycin-dependent proteases to parasitic infection

Sawesi, Osama

Abstract

The proteoglycan (PG), serglycin (SG), is expressed in several hematopoietic cells and studies of the SG knockout mice (SG-/-) revealed prominent effects on the storage of certain mouse mast cell proteases (mMCPs) such as mMCP-4, -5 and -6.In this thesis, the role of SGPG during parasitic infection was addressed. Both SG+/+ and SG-/- animals infected with Toxoplasma gondii had significantly elevated levels of hyaluronan and chondroitin sulfate A PG in the peritoneum. In contrast, whereas heparin/heparan sulfate was confined to the peritoneal cells in SG+/+ animals, it was almost undetectable in SG-/- animals. Surprisingly, both SG+/+ and SG-/- animals were shown to secrete active MC proteases to almost the same levels in the peritoneal cavity, despite defective storage of proteases in SG-/- MCs. Furthermore, SG-/- animals showed a delayed neutrophil recruitment and decreased levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, IL-12, TNF-a and MCP-1. In vitro stimulation of peritoneal derived MCs (PCMCs) with soluble Toxoplasma antigen induced significantly lower secretion of IL-6, IL-12 and TNF-a in SG-/- PCMCs than in SG+/+ PCMCs. In addition, when studying aging SG-/- animals, the deficiency manifested as enlargements of lymphoid tissues, particularly spleens, Peyer’s patches and bronchus associated lymphoid tissue, and was not shown to be associated with infection. Analysis of this phenomenon revealed an expansion of naïve lymphocytes through an increase in the CD4+ and CD45RC+ leukocyte population. Moreover, peritoneal macrophages were markedly increased in number in aging SG-/- animals. In response to Dictyocaulus viviparus infection in calves, tryptase positive MCs in the bovine lung and BALF were shown to correlate with disease progression. The activity and expression levels of tryptase were increased in the lungs of infected calves compared to non-infected control animals. In conclusion, MCs are actively involved in the host response to Toxoplasma gondii infection in mice and Dictyocaulus viviparus infection in calves.

Keywords

mast cells; proteases; toxoplasma gondii; dictyocaulus viviparus; immunity; parasitoses; infectious diseases

Published in

Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
2010, number: 2010:100
ISBN: 978-91-576-7545-3
Publisher: Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Authors' information

Sawesi, Osama
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry (AFB)

UKÄ Subject classification

Medical Bioscience

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/31889