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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2004

N-terminally extended surfactant protein (SP) C isolated from SP-B-deficient children has reduced surface activity and inhibited lipopolysaccharide binding

Li J, Ikegami M, Na CL, Hamvas A, Espinassous Q, Chaby R, Nogee LM, Weaver TE, Johansson J

Abstract

In both humans and mice, a deficiency of surfactant protein B (SP-B) is associated with a decreased concentration of mature SP-C and accumulation of a larger SP-C peptide, denoted SP-C-i, which is not observed under normal conditions. Isolation of hydrophobic polypeptides from the lungs of children who died with two different SP-B mutations yielded pure SP-C-i and showed only trace amounts of mature SP-C. Determination of the SP-C-i covalent structure revealed a 12-residue N-terminal peptide segment, followed by a 35-residue segment that is identical to mature SP-C. The SP-C-i structure determined herein is similar to that of a proposed late intermediate in the processing of proSP-C, suggesting that SP-C-i is the immediate precursor of SP-C. In bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from transgenic mice with a focal deficiency of SP-B, SP-C-i was detected in the biophysically active, large aggregate fraction and was associated with membrane structures that are typical for a large aggregate surfactant. However, unlike SP-C, SP-C-i exhibited a very poor ability to promote phospholipid adsorption, gave high surface tension during cyclic film compression, and did not bind lipopolysaccharide in vitro. SP-C-i is thus capable of associating with surfactant lipids, but its N-terminal dodecapeptide segment must be proteolytically removed to generate a biologically functional peptide. The results of this study indicate that the early postnatal fatal respiratory distress seen in SP-B-deficient children is combined with the near absence of active variants of SP-C

Published in

Biochemistry
2004, Volume: 43, number: 13, pages: 3891-3898
Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC

      SLU Authors

    • Johansson, Jan

      • Department of Molecular Biosciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi036218q

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/3293