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Report, 2010

Optimal provision of an umbrella species

Gren, Ing-Marie; Baxter, Peter; Mikusinski, Grzegorz


This paper develops a stochastic dynamic model for the purpose of optimal site selection of habitats for an umbrella species in Sweden under conditions of uncertainty in the growth of habitat quality of established conservation areas and in acquisition costs. The numerical dynamic model builds on inputs from an ecological model of habitat development and an economic model of actual payments for biodiversity conservation in Swedish forests. The results point at the importance of including both types of uncertainties; total social costs for achieving given habitat targets under probabilistic constraints increase three fold as compared with the deterministic case. Another effect of the introduction of uncertainty is the earlier establishment of habitats due to need of extra establishments in order to achieve the target with a certain probability. When comparing optimal payment per ha conservation with actual payments it was noticed that there is a considerable difference among counties; while actual payments for some counties are quite close to optimal payments under any of the uncertainty conditions they can deviate largely for some other counties.


optimal habitat selection; biodiversity; uncertainty; spatial heterogeneity; numerical stochastic dynamic model; Sweden

Published in

Working Paper Series / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
2010, number: 2010:6
Publisher: Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
Baxter, Peter
University of Queensland
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

URI (permanent link to this page)