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Research article2004Peer reviewed

Cryo-FE-SEM & TEM immuno-techniques reveal new details for understanding white-rot decay of lignocellulose

Daniel G, Volc J, Niku-Paavola ML


High-resolution Cryo-Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (HR-Cryo-FE-SEM) and immuno-cytochemistry were used to reveal novel details on the morphological events and spatial distribution of oxidoreductive enzymes during the degradation of birch wood by the white-rot fungi Phlebia radiata and mutant strain P. radiata Cel 26. Cryo-observations of fractured fibres showed degradation across the cell wall by P radiata (wild) to progress by delamination and removal of concentric orientated aggregates from the secondary S2 cell wall. Decay by P. radiata Cel 26 progressed by removal of materials (lignin and hemicelluloses) between the aggregates (primarily cellulose) that remained even after advanced decay. With both decay patterns, extracellular slime materials were present uniting lumina hyphae with the attacked fibre wall. The extracellular slime material had two morphological forms: viz a fibrillar (often tripartite) and a 'gel-form', the former found in discrete bands progressing across the lumen onto the fibre wall. Using TEM immunocytochemistry, laccase, manganese peroxidase (MnP) and diarylpropane enzymes were localized in the periplasmic space of luminal hyphae, in association with the cell membrane, periplasmic vesicles and fungal cell wall. Extracellularly, the three enzymes were found associated with the slime and tripartite membranes and with the birch cell walls at all stages of attack through to middle lamella corner decay. Enzyme distribution was correlated with morphological changes in cell wall structure. The association of extracellular slime with these enzymes and sites of decay strongly suggests a major role for this matrix in fibre cell wall decomposition. (C) 2004 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved


Laccase; Manganese peroxidase; diarylpropane peroxidase; slime; biodegradation; TEM immunocytochemistry; SEM

Published in

Comptes Rendus Biologies
2004, Volume: 327, number: 9-10, pages: 861-871

      SLU Authors

    • Daniel, Geoffrey

      • Department of Forest Products, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Forest Science

    Publication identifier


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