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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2011

Beyond blind optimism and unfounded fears: Deep brain stimulation for treatment resistant depression

Johansson Veronica, Garwicz Martin, Kanje Martin, Röcklinsberg Helena, Schouenborg Jens, Tingström Anders, Görman Ulf


The introduction of new medical treatments based on invasive technologies has often been surrounded by both hopes and fears. Hope, since a new intervention can create new opportunities either in terms of providing a cure for the disease or impairment at hand; or as alleviation of symptoms. Fear, since an invasive treatment involving implanting a medical device can result in unknown complications such as hardware failure and undesirable medical consequences. However, hopes and fears may also arise due to the cultural embeddedness of technology, where a therapy due to ethical, social, political and religious concerns could be perceived as either a blessing or a threat. While Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for treatment resistant depression (TRD) is still in its cradle, it is important to be proactive and try to scrutinize both surfacing hopes and fears. Patients will not benefit if a promising treatment is banned or avoided due to unfounded fears, nor will they benefit if DBS is used without scrutinizing the arguments which call for caution. Hence blind optimism is equally troublesome. We suggest that specificity, both in terms of a detailed account of relevant scientific concerns as well as ethical considerations, could be a way to analyse expressed concerns regarding DBS for TRD. This approach is particularly fruitful when applied to hopes and fears evoked by DBS for TRD, since it can reveal if our comprehension of DBS for TRD suffer from various biases which may remain unnoticed at first glance. We suggest that such biases exist, albeit a further analysis is needed to explore this issue in full


depression; deep brain stimulation; ethics; beneficence; nonmaleficence; time

Published in

2011, volume: 6, number: 3, pages: 457-471

Authors' information

Johansson, Veronica
Garwicz, Martin
Kanje, Martin
Lund University
Schouenborg, Jens
Tingström, Anders
Görman, Ulf

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science

Publication Identifiers


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