Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2011
Archaeorhizomycetes: Unearthing an Ancient Class of Ubiquitous Soil FungiRosling, Anna; Cox, Filipa; Cruz-Martinez, Karelyn; Ihrmark, Katarina; Grelet, Gwen-Aelle; Lindahl, Bjorn D.; Menkis, Audrius; James, Timothy Y.
AbstractEstimates suggest that only one-tenth of the true fungal diversity has been described. Among numerous fungal lineages known only from environmental DNA sequences, Soil Clone Group 1 is the most ubiquitous. These globally distributed fungi may dominate below-ground fungal communities, but their placement in the fungal tree of life has been uncertain. Here, we report cultures of this group and describe the class, Archaeorhizomycetes, phylogenetically placed within subphylum Taphrinomycotina in the Ascomycota. Archaeorhizomycetes comprises hundreds of cryptically reproducing filamentous species that do not form recognizable mycorrhizal structures and have saprotrophic potential, yet are omnipresent in roots and rhizosphere soil and show ecosystem and host root habitat specificity.
2011, volume: 333, number: 6044, pages: 876-879
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
University of Aberdeen
James, Timothy Y.
University of Michigan
UKÄ Subject classification
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
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