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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2011

Archaeorhizomycetes: Unearthing an Ancient Class of Ubiquitous Soil Fungi

Rosling, Anna; Cox, Filipa; Cruz-Martinez, Karelyn; Ihrmark, Katarina; Grelet, Gwen-Aelle; Lindahl, Bjorn D.; Menkis, Audrius; James, Timothy Y.

Abstract

Estimates suggest that only one-tenth of the true fungal diversity has been described. Among numerous fungal lineages known only from environmental DNA sequences, Soil Clone Group 1 is the most ubiquitous. These globally distributed fungi may dominate below-ground fungal communities, but their placement in the fungal tree of life has been uncertain. Here, we report cultures of this group and describe the class, Archaeorhizomycetes, phylogenetically placed within subphylum Taphrinomycotina in the Ascomycota. Archaeorhizomycetes comprises hundreds of cryptically reproducing filamentous species that do not form recognizable mycorrhizal structures and have saprotrophic potential, yet are omnipresent in roots and rhizosphere soil and show ecosystem and host root habitat specificity.

Published in

Science
2011, volume: 333, number: 6044, pages: 876-879

Authors' information

Rosling, Anna
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology
Rosling, Anna
Indiana University
Cox, Filipa
Cruz-Martinez, Karelyn
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Grelet, Gwen-Aëlle
University of Aberdeen
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology
James, Timothy Y.
University of Michigan

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1206958

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/36078