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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2011

Eelpout (Zoarces viviparus) in marine environmental monitoring

Hedman Jenny E, Rudel Heinz, Gercken Jens, Bergek Sara, Strand Jakob, Quack Markus, Appelberg Magnus, Förlin Lars, Tuvikene Arvo, Bignert Anders


Abstract: The implementation of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive necessitates the development of common criteria and methodological standards for marine environmental monitoring and assessment across Europe. Eelpout (Zoarces viviparus) is proposed as a key indicator organism in the Baltic and North Sea regions. This benthic fish species is widely used in ecotoxicological studies and as a bioindicator of local pollution due to its stationary behavior. Eelpout is included in the environmental monitoring program of several Baltic States, covering both chemical and biological effects measurements, and samples have been archived in environmental specimen banks for >15 years. A method for evaluating the frequency of larval aberrations has been suggested as a standardized assessment tool. The large scientific knowledge-base and considerable experience of long-term chemical and biological effects monitoring and specimen banking, make eelpout a suitable species for the assessment of Good Environmental Status in the Baltic and North Seas. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

Published in

Marine Pollution Bulletin
2011, Volume: 62, number: 10, pages: 2015-2029

    SLU Authors

    • Associated SLU-program


      UKÄ Subject classification

      Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
      Fish and Aquacultural Science

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