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Book chapter2013Peer reviewedOpen access

Soil analysis using visible and near infrared spectroscopy

Wetterlind, Johanna; Stenberg, Bo; Viscarra Rossel, Raphael


Visible-near infrared diffuse reflectance (vis-NIR) spectroscopy is a fast, non-destructive technique well suited for analyses of some of the essential constituents of the soil. These constituents, mainly clay minerals, organic matter and soil water strongly affect conditions for plant growth and influence plant nutrition. Here we describe the process by which vis–NIR spectroscopy can be used to collect soil spectra in the laboratory. Because it is an indirect technique, the succeeding model calibrations and validations that are necessary to obtain reliable predictions about the soil properties of interest, are also described in the chapter.


diffuse reflectance spectroscopy; vis-NIR; clay; organic matter; calibration; validation

Published in

Methods in Molecular Biology
2013, Volume: 953, pages: 95-107
Title: Plant Mineral Nutrients : methods and protocols
ISBN: 978-1-62703-151-6
Publisher: Humana Press