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Research article2012Peer reviewed

Target-site resistance to pyrethroids in European populations of pollen beetle, Meligethes aeneus F

Nauen, Ralf; Zimmer, Christophe T.; Andrews, Melaine; Slater, Russell; Bass, Chris; Ekbom, Barbara; Gustafsson, Göran; Hansen, Lars Monrad; Kristensen, Michael; Zeblitz, Claus P.W.; Williamson, Martin S.

Abstract

Pollen beetle, Meligethes aeneus F. (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) is a major univoltine pest of oilseed rape in many European countries. Winter oilseed rape is cultivated on several million hectares in Europe and the continuous use of pyrethroid insecticides to control pollen beetle populations has resulted in high selection pressure and subsequent development of resistance. Resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in this pest is now widespread and the levels of resistance are often sufficient to result in field control failures at recommended application rates. Recently, metabolic resistance mediated by cytochrome P450 monooxygenases was implicated in the resistance of several pollen beetle populations from different European regions. Here, we have also investigated the possible occurrence of a target-site mechanism caused by modification of the pollen beetle para-type voltage-gated sodium channel gene. We detected a single nucleotide change that results in an amino acid substitution (L1014F) within the domain IIS6 region of the channel protein. The L1014F mutation, often termed kdr, has been found in several other insect pests and is known to confer moderate levels of resistance to pyrethroids. We developed a pyrosequencing-based diagnostic assay that can detect the L1014F mutation in individual beetles and tested more than 350 populations collected between 2006 and 2010 in 13 European countries. In the majority of populations tested the mutation was absent, and only samples from two countries, Denmark and Sweden, contained pollen beetles heterozygous or homozygous for the L1014F mutation. The mutation was first detected in a sample from Denmark collected in 2007 after reports of field failure using tau-fluvalinate, and has since been detected in 7 out of 11 samples from Denmark and 25 of 33 samples from Sweden. No super-kdr mutations (e.g. M918T) known to cause resistance to pyrethroids were detected. The implications of these results for resistance management strategies of pollen beetle populations in oilseed rape crops are discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Pollen beetle; Oilseed rape; Pyrethroid resistance; kdr; Pyrosequencing; Sodium channel; Meligethes aeneus

Published in

Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
2012, Volume: 103, number: 3, pages: 173-180 Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2012.04.012

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/39901