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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2012

Single Layer Centrifugation (SLC) improves sperm qualtiy of cryopreserverd Blanca-Celtiberica buck semen

Jiménez-Rabadán, Pilar; Morrell, Jane; Johannisson, Anders; Ramon, M; Garcia-Alvarez, O; Maroto-Morales, A; Alvaro-Garcia, PJ; Perez-Guzman, MD; Fernandez-Santos, MR; Garde, JJ; Soler, Ana


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of sperm selection by means of single layer centrifugation (SLC) on sperm quality after cryopreservation, either when SLC is used before freezing or after thawing, using Blanca-Celtiberica buck semen collected by electroejaculation (EE). Ejaculates from six bucks were collected by EE and divided into two aliquots. One of them (unselected) was diluted with Biladyl (R) by the two-step method and frozen over nitrogen vapor. The other aliquot was selected by the SLC technique and subsequently frozen in the same way as the unselected samples (SLC before freezing). In a further treatment, two unselected straws were thawed and SLC was carried out (SLC after thawing). At thawing, sperm motility of all samples ((i) unselected; (ii) selected before freezing and (iii) selected after thawing) was evaluated by CASA. In addition, integrity of the plasma membrane, mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS production and DNA fragmentation index were assessed by flow cytometry. Most of the sperm parameters were improved (P <= 0.001) in samples selected by SLC after thawing in relation to unselected or selected by SLC before freezing. The percentage of progressive motile spermatozoa was greater (86%) for sperm samples selected after thawing compared with unselected (58%) or selected before freezing (54%). Moreover, percentages of spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane and spermatozoa with high mitochondrial membrane potential (hMMP) were also greater for sperm samples selected after thawing compared to sperm samples unselected or selected before freezing (spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane: 80% vs. 32% vs. 12%; spermatozoa with hMMP: 54% vs. 1% vs. 15%; respectively). Therefore, sperm quality after cryopreservation is improved in Blanca-Celtiberica buck ejaculates collected by EE when a sperm selection technique such as SLC is carried out after thawing. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Animal Reproduction Science
2012, Volume: 136, number: 1-2, pages: 47-54

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