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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 1992

Extrahepatic disposition of 3H-aflatoxin B1 in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Larsson, Pia; Ingebrigtsen, Kristian; Tjälve, Hans; Ngethe, Steven


Whole-body autoradiography in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after oral and intravenous administration of H-3-labelled aflatoxin B1 showed labelling of several extrahepatic tissues, such as the uveal melanin and the vitreous humour of the eyes, the trunk and head kidney, the olfactory rosettes and the pyloric caecae. Liquid chromatography of extracts of the vitreous humour showed that unmetabolized H-3-AFB1 was the main labelled material present at this site. Liquid chromatography of extracts of the uveal melanin showed presence of aflatoxicol and aflatoxin B1 in proportions of about 3:1. The binding to the pigment is probably due to a hydrophobic type of interaction with the melanin. Microautoradiography showed that melanin-containing cells in the trunk and head kidney and in the olfactory rosettes also accumulated high amounts of radioactivity. In the trunk kidney there was, in addition, a labelling of the second segment of the proximal tubules and of the distal tubules and the collecting ducts. Studies in vitro with microsomal and 12.000 x g supernatant preparations of the trunk kidney showed formation of DNA- and protein-bound metabolites from the aflatoxin B1. It is probable that the bioactivation of the aflatoxin B1 is confined to the second segment of the proximal tubules. The labelling of the distal tubules and the collecting ducts, which was confined to the cytoplasm of the cells, may be related to excretion and/or absorption processes. Microautoradiography of the olfactory rosettes, showed labelling of the sensory epithelium, but not the indifferent epithelium. A low formation of protein-bound aflatoxin B1-metabolites was found in incubations with microsomal preparations of this tissue. The same observation was made in incubations with microsomal preparations of the head kidney. In the pyloric caeca bound metabolites were observed in vivo at a level comparable to that found in the trunk kidney. Our results suggest that retention and metabolism in some extrahepatic tissues might be of importance as concerns the toxicologic potential of aflatoxin B1 in the rainbow trout.

Published in

Pharmacology & Toxicology
1992, Volume: 71, number: 4, pages: 262-271