- Swedish Board of Fisheries
Näslund, Ingemar; Degerman, Erik; Nordwall, Fredrik
To test if habitat use and life history of stream-dwelling brown trout (Salmo trutta) differed between allopatric and sympatric situations, we compared three streams with differing fish communities and used data from a large national database containing electrofishing results from Swedish streams. In the three-creek study, allopatric brown trout used all habitats and shifted from nursery areas in riffles to pool habitats, where adult growth and survival were higher. Mainly females shifted habitat and this was undertaken after age I. Sympatric brown trout under intense pressure from other fish species remained in the riffles throughout their Life cycle. Under moderate pressure from other species, larger brown trout used slow-flowing habitats. Early growth was more rapid in sympatry. Sympatric brown bout also had a lower adult to juvenile growth ratio and lower adult survival and matured earlier than allopatric brown trout. The data from the nationwide database showed that frequency of occurrence and abundance of brown trout were negatively associated with the number of coexisting fish species. It was also verified that the habitat shifts between riffles and pools were more common and possibly more beneficial in terms of growth and survival in allopatry. In addition the existence of differences in juvenile growth between allopatric and sympatric populations was verified.
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
1998, Volume: 55, number: 4, pages: 1034-1042
Publisher: NATL RESEARCH COUNCIL CANADA