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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2013

How to cope with changing demand conditions — The Swedish forest sector as a case study

Jonsson, Ragnar


Promotion of renewable energy sources in Europe is foreseen to result in a dramatic increase in the demand for woody biomass. This paper assesses whether wood resources in the European Union (EU) will support future demand. Possible implications for countries with ample forest resources and a well-developed forest industry, such as Sweden, of an expected mounting demand pressure are discussed. Other drivers of change in global wood product markets posing challenges for the forest sector in general are also addressed. These drivers are reviewed and, together with the results from the EUwood project and econometric wood market models, analyzed as to their impacts on the Swedish forest sector. Demand is foreseen to vastly exceed the potential supply of woody biomass in Europe, putting a tremendous pressure on the Swedish forest resource and necessitating trade-offs between different ecosystem services. Further, projections suggest that Sweden will decrease in importance in production as well as consumption terms for all wood products.


renewable energy, forest resource, forest industry

Published in

Canadian Journal of Forest Research
2013, volume: 43, number: 999, pages: 405-418
Publisher: NRC Research Press (Canadian Science Publishing)

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Associated SLU-program

SLU Future Forests

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)