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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2002

Nematophagous fungi as a biological control agent for nematode parasites of small ruminants in Malaysia: a special emphasis on Duddingtonia flagrans

Chandrawathani, P.; Jamnah, O; Waller, PJ; Höglund, Johan; Larsen, M; Zahari, W M MALAYSIAN AGR RES DEV INST


Approximately 2 800 fresh dung samples from animals, mainly ruminant livestock, were screened for the presence of nematophagous fungi in Malaysia. Arthrobotrys spp. was noted on numerous occasions, but only one isolate of Duddingtonia flagrans was made. For the purposes of producing sufficient quantities of this fungus for feeding trials in sheep, various, commonly available, cheap plant materials were tested as possible growth substrates. This showed that cereal grains (wheat, millet and rice) were the best media for fungal growth. Pen feeding trials were carried out using sheep, both naturally and experimentally infected with nematode parasites ( predominantely Haemonchus contortus), to test the efficiency of D. flagrans when administered either in a grain supplement, or incorporated into a feed block. These showed that the fungus survived gut passage in sheep and that dose rates of approximately 1 x 10(6) D. flagrans spores / animal / day, reduced the percentage of infective larvae developing in faecal cultures by more than 90%. These results indicate that using D. flagrans as a biological control agent of nematode parasites, is a promising alternative to nematode parasite control of small ruminants in Malaysia, where anthelmintic resistance is now a major problem.


nematode parasite; ruminant; tropics; biological control

Published in

Veterinary Research
2002, volume: 33, number: 6, pages: 685-696
Publisher: E D P SCIENCES

Authors' information

Chandrawathani, P.
Jamnah, O
Waller, PJ
Larsen, M

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