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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2012

Retention Forestry to Maintain Multifunctional Forests: A World Perspective

Gustafsson, Lena; Baker, Susan C.; Bauhus, Juergen; Beese, William J.; Brodie, Angus; Kouki, Jari; Lindenmayer, David B.; Lohmus, Asko; Martinez Pastur, Guillermo; Messier, Christian; Neyland, Mark; Palik, Brian; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Volney, W. Jan A.; Wayne, Adrian; Franklin, Jerry F.


The majority of the world's forests are used for multiple purposes, which often include the potentially conflicting goals of timber production and biodiversity conservation. A scientifically validated management approach that can reduce such conflicts is retention forestry, an approach modeled on natural processes, which emerged in the last 25 years as an alternative to clearcutting. A portion of the original stand is left unlogged to maintain the continuity of structural and compositional diversity. We detail retention forestry's ecological role, review its current practices, and summarize the large research base on the subject. Retention forestry is applicable to all forest biomes, complements conservation in reserves, and represents bottom-up conservation through forest manager involvement. A research challenge is to identify thresholds for retention amounts to achieve desired outcomes. We define key issues for future development and link retention forestry with land-zoning allocation at various scales, expanding its uses to forest restoration and the management of uneven-age forests.


biodiversity; ecology; conservation; forestry

Published in

2012, volume: 62, number: 7, pages: 633-645

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Conservation Biology

Associated SLU-program

SLU Future Forests

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences
Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)