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Research article2003Peer reviewed

A tissue cage model in calves for studies on pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic interactions of antimicrobials

Greko C, Finn M, Ohagen P, Franklin A, Bengtsson B

Abstract

An in vivo model for studies of phartnacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) interactions of antimicrobials was developed. Tissue cages with a constant surface area but with different volumes were implanted in calves and infected with Mannheimia haemolytica. Penicillin was injected directly into the cages. With this procedure, different concentration-time profiles could be simulated so that the effect of a range of PK/PD indices on the infection could be monitored. The area under the curve to minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and time above MIC were equally predictive for effect, but C a to MIC was not. If drug dosages in relation to the MIC of strains used for infection are optimised, the model offers an interesting alternative to explore relevant factors for drug dosage optimisation. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved

Published in

International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
2003, Volume: 22, number: 4, pages: 429-438
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-8579(03)001122-2

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/4116