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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2011

Temporal and spatial trends for trace metals in streams and rivers across Sweden (1996-2009)

Huser, Brian; Köhler, Stephan; Wilander, Anders; Johansson, Kjell; Fölster, Jens; Wilander, Anders; Fölster, Jens; Huser, Brian; Köhler, Stephan

Abstract

Long term data series (1996 through 2009) for trace metals were analyzed from a large number of streams and rivers across Sweden varying in tributary watershed size from 0.05 to 48 193 km(2). The final data set included 139 stream sites with data for arsenic (As), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and vanadium (V). Between 7% and 46% of the sites analyzed showed significant trends according to the seasonal Kendall test. However, in contrast to previous studies and depositional patterns, a substantial portion of the trends were positive, especially for V (100%), As (95%), and Pb (68%). Other metals (Zn and Cr) generally decreased, were mixed (Ni and Zn), or had very few trends (Co) over the study period. Trends by region were also analyzed and some showed significant variation between the north and south of Sweden. Regional trends for both Cu and Pb were positive (60% and 93%, respectively) in the southern region but strongly negative (93% and 75 %, respectively) in the northern region. Kendall's tau coefficients were used to determine dependence between metals and potential in-stream drivers including total organic carbon (TOC), iron (Fe), pH, and sulphate (SO(4)(2-)). TOC and Fe correlated positively and strongly with As, V, Pb, and Co while pH and SO(4)(2) generally correlated weakly, or not at all with the metals studied.

Published in

Biogeosciences
2011, volume: 8, number: 7, pages: 1813-1823
Publisher: COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Johansson, Kjell
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Environmental Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Environmental Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG6 Clean water

UKÄ Subject classification

Geochemistry
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-1813-2011

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/41183