- Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Pfister O, Nilsson U, Gemmel P
The present study examined branch and stem characteristics of trees growing around gaps in Norway spruce plantations. Trees located at the edge of gaps with a radius of either 5 m or 7 m either unplanted or with supplementary planting were compared to trees in the original closed plantation. The experiment was carried out in two locations in the south of Sweden and the design included four blocks at each location and one replicate of each treatment in each block. The measurements were carried out on standing and felled trees in 2005 at the time of the first thinning. The results indicate a significant effect of gaps and supplementary planting on the diameter of the largest branch, the number of living branches close to breast height, branch basal area, height to the first living branch and taper. The effect of supplementary planting on branch and stem characteristics was greater in large gaps than in small ones. This study indicated that supplementary planting may be useful in affecting stem-form and branch parameters, although other studies have shown that the trees that result from supplementary planting contribute little to total production. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Picea abies; competition; replacement planting; supplementary planting; wood quality
Forest Ecology and Management
2008, Volume: 255, number: 7, pages: 2643-2649