- Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Bengtsson, Stina; Vasaitis, Rimvydas; Kirisits, Thomas; Solheim, Halvor; Stenlid, Jan
The ascomycete fungus Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus (anamorph Chalara fraxinea) is responsible for ash dieback currently expanding over large parts of Europe. Our objective was to investigate the genetic structure of H. pseudoalbidus and to examine its relationship to the species H. albidus, known as a saprotroph. The study comprised 181 isolates of H. pseudoalbidus collected within the diseased area, 17 H. albidus isolates from six apothecia, collected outside the diseased area in Norway, and nine apothecia of H. pseudoalbidus collected in Sweden. By analysis of microsatellite markers developed for this study, combined with AP-PCR using the M13 primer, we demonstrated sexual heterothally in H. pseudoalbidus, detected high gene flow and low geographic structure of the H. pseudoalbidus population and found indications of a founder effect. Also, substantial genetic differences were detected between the two species of fungi; only four of seven microsatellite markers developed for H. pseudoalbidus were amplified for H. albidus, and no alleles were shared among the species. Furthermore, AP-PCR banding patterns were distinctly different for the two species. We conclude that even though the two fungi have a similar habitat and are morphologically virtually identical, they do not share a recent common ancestor. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd and The British Mycological Society. All rights reserved.
AP-PCR; Ash dieback; Emerging fungal pathogen; Fraxinus excelsior; Genetic variation; Gene flow; Microsatellites; Vegetative incompatibility
2012, Volume: 5, number: 2, pages: 147-153
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD