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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2012

Canine Herpesvirus During Pregnancy and Non-Pregnant Luteal Phase

Ström Holst, Bodil; Hagberg Gustavsson, Malin; Grapperon-Mathis, Marion; Lilliehöök, Inger; Johannisson, Anders; Isaksson, Mats; Lindhe, Anna; Axner, Eva

Abstract

Canine herpesvirus (CHV) is a widespread infection among dogs that typically get latently infected after exposure and can reactivate the infection after stress. The aim of the present study was to study the effects of latent CHV infection during pregnancy on pregnancy outcome, and to study if there are signs of genital viral reactivation during pregnancy or during non-pregnant luteal phase. Twelve mated bitches and eight control bitches were followed and sampled regularly during pregnancy or non-pregnant luteal phase. Blood samples were taken for antibody analysis and vaginal swabs for real-time PCR analysis. Three of the pregnant bitches were vaccinated against CHV during pregnancy. All bitches had antibodies to CHV. Two pregnant bitches that were not vaccinated had a twofold or larger increase in CHV titre, with no negative effects detected on pregnancy. Higher titres were not associated with smaller litters or with vaccination. There was no consistent variation in antibody titres due to pregnancy or non-pregnant luteal phase. Vaginal excretion of CHV was not detected from any of the bitches.

Keywords

dog herpes virus reproduction

Published in

Reproduction in Domestic Animals
2012, Volume: 47, number: S1 6, pages: 362-365
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL