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Research article2003Peer reviewed

Effects of scarification, gibberellic acid and dry heat treatments on the germination of Balanites aegyptiaca seeds from the Sudanian savanna in Burkina Faso

Schelin, M.; Tigabu, Mulalem; Eriksson, I.; Sawadogo, Louis; Oden, Per Christer


To examine whether Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. seeds possess physical, physiological or combined dormancy, seeds collected from Laba and Tiogo forests in Burkina Faso were subjected to different scarification and gibberellic acid treatments. The treatments applied were concentrated sulphuric acid for three or six minutes, hot water at 70, 80 and 90degreesC and mechanical scarification. Three concentration of gibberellic acid: 10(-5), 10(-4) and 10(-3) M were exogenously applied to scarified and unscarified seeds. To investigate whether the hard endocarp is an adaptation to fire, seeds were exposed to dry heat treatments at 60, 80 and 100degreesC for 15, 30 and 60 minutes each. Neither scarification nor gibberellic acid treatments resulted in significantly higher germination than the control. This confirms that Balanites aegyptiaca seeds exhibit no dormancy. Dry heat at 60 and 80degreesC for 15 minutes improved the germination of seeds collected in Laba and Tiogo respectively. It seems that low intensity heat shock elicited germination, but the result is inconclusive to show the adaptive value of the hard endocarp to fire. Further investigation is recommended to elucidate whether smoke derived from fire triggers germination of B. aegyptiaca seeds.

Published in

Seed Science and Technology
2003, Volume: 31, number: 3, pages: 605-617
Publisher: ISTA

          SLU Authors

        • Oden, Per

          • Department of Silviculture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

        UKÄ Subject classification

        Forest Science

        Publication identifier


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