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Research article2001Peer reviewed

Gaseous emissions of carbon dioxide, ammonia and nitrous oxide from organic household waste in a compost reactor under different temperature regimes

Beck-Friis, Barbro; Smårs, Sven; Jönsson, Håkan; Kirchmann, Holger

Abstract

Gaseous emissions and the biological turnover of organic household wastes were studied under controlled conditions in a compost reactor (55 degreesC, moisture content 65% w/w, O(2) concentration 16% in compost off-gas). During the first experiments, the temperature was increased to 55 degreesC within 6 h using external heating. These experiments resulted in low emissions of CO(2) indicating a low biological activity. In order to achieve a representative composting process, the biomass was allowed to generate its own heat until the temperature reached 55 degreesC. In this compost, the maximum CO(2) emission rate occurred at the change between the mesophilic and thermophilic phases. Fatty acids, present in household wastes, were only partially degraded in the externally heated compost. When the thermophilic phase began in the self-heated compost, fatty acids were decomposed followed by a rapid increase in pH and NH(3) emissions. The dynamics of fatty acid formation and decomposition seem to be important in controlling biological activity and thereby the gaseous emissions. Nitrogen emissions, consisting of more than 98% NH(3)-N and less than 2% N(2)O-N, amounted to 24-33% of the initial amount of N present in the self-heated composts. The outgoing gas from the reactor was cooled and more than 85% of nitrogen emissions were found in the condensate. (C) 2001 Silsoe Research Institute.

Published in

Journal Of Agricultural Engineering Research
2001, Volume: 78, number: 4, pages: 423-430 Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

      SLU Authors

    • Beck-Friis, Barbro

      • Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Smårs, Sven

        • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
        • Jönsson, Håkan

          • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
          • Kirchmann, Holger

            • Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

          UKÄ Subject classification

          Other Environmental Engineering
          Agricultural Science

          Publication identifier

          DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jaer.2000.0662

          Permanent link to this page (URI)

          https://res.slu.se/id/publ/44197