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Report, 2013

Monitoring a City

Persson, Jesper; Johansson, Madelaine; Margaux Raimond, dit Yvon,; Hedren, johan


The use of indicators to measure urban sustainability is highlighted in Agenda 21 and has been emphasised as an important instrument at many of the European Conferences on Sustainable Cities and Towns. This study is an explorative analysis of eight European cities to determine what aspects of sustainable development are measured, what reasons are given for using indicators to measure urban sustainability, and to what extent uniformity has been included in indicator design. The most striking findings may be that the indicators were not equally distributed across aspects of sustainability and that almost all of the 332 identified indicators were differently defined. Further, a pressure-state-response (PSR) analysis revealed that most indicators focused on the state aspect.


Indicator design, Sustainability indicators, City, PSR model, Urban.

Published in

ISBN: 978-91-87117-49-7

Authors' information

Persson, Jesper
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Landscape Management, Design and Construction
Johansson, Madelaine
Linköping University
Margaux Raimond, dit Yvon,
Générations Futures
Hedren, johan
Linköping University

Associated SLU-program

Built environment

UKÄ Subject classification

Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified

URI (permanent link to this page)