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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2008

Grey water characteristics and treatment options for rural areas in Jordan

Halelsheha, M.; Dalahmeh, Sahar S.; Sayed, M; Suleiman, Wael; Shareef, M; Mansour, M; Safi, M


Low water consumption in rural areas in Jordan had resulted in the production of concentrated grey water. Average COD, BOD and TSS values were 2568mg/l, 1056mg/l and 845mg/l, respectively. The average grey water generation was measured to be 14L/c.d. Three different treatment options were selected based on certain criterions, and discussed in this article. The examined treatment systems are septic tank followed by intermittent sand filter; septic tank followed by wetlands; and UASB-hybrid reactor. Advantages and disadvantages of each system are presented. It was concluded that UASB-hybrid reactor would be the most suitable treatment option in terms of compactness and simplicity in operation. The volume of UASB-hybrid reactor was calculated to be 0.268m3 with a surface area of 0.138m2 for each house having 10 inhabitants on average. Produced effluent is expected to meet Jordanian standards set for reclaimed water reuse in irrigating fruit trees.

Published in

Bioresource Technology
2008, volume: 99, number: 14, pages: 6635-6641

Authors' information

Halelsheha, M.
Dalahmeh, Sahar S.
Sayed, M
Suleiman, Wael
Shareef, M
Mansour, M
Safi, M

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)