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Research article2012Peer reviewed

Global transcriptional response to ISCOM-Matrix adjuvant at the site of administration and in the draining lymph node early after intramuscular injection in pigs

Ahlberg, Viktor; Lövgren Bengtsson, Karin; Wallgren, Per,; Fossum, Caroline


ISCOM vaccines induce a balanced Th1/Th2 response, long-lasting antibody responses and cytotoxic T lymphocytes. The mode of action for the adjuvant component, the ISCOM-Matrix, is known to some extent but questions remain regarding its mechanism of action. The Affymetrix GeneChip (R) Porcine Genome Array was applied to study the global transcriptional response to ISCOM-Matrix in pigs at the injection site and in the draining lymph node 24 h after i.m. injection. Gene enrichment analysis revealed inflammation, innate immunity and antigen processing to be central in the ISCOM-Matrix response. At the injection site, 594 genes were differentially expressed, including up-regulation of the cytokines osteopontin (SPP1), IL-10 and IL-18 and the chemokines CCL2, CCL19 and CXCL16. Of the 362 genes differentially expressed in the lymph node, IL-1 beta and CXCL11 were up-regulated whereas IL18, CCL15 and CXCL12 were down-regulated. ISCOM-Matrix also modulated genes for pattern recognition receptors at the injection site (TLR2, TLR4, MRC1, PTX3, LGALS3) and in the lymph node (TLR4, RIG-I, MDA5, OAS1, ElF2AK2, LGALS3). A high proportion of up-regulated interferon-regulated genes indicated an interferon response. Thus, several genes, genetic pathways and biological processes were identified that are likely to shape the early immune response elicited by ISCOM-based vaccines. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Adjuvant; Gene expression; Innate immunity; ISCOM-Matrix; Microarray; Porcine

Published in

Developmental and Comparative Immunology
2012, Volume: 38, number: 1, pages: 17-26