Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2012

The C-Terminal Tail of Human Neuronal Calcium Sensor 1 Regulates the Conformational Stability of the Ca2+-Activated State

Heidarsson, Petur O.; Bjerrum-Bohr, Ida J.; Jensen, Gitte A.; Pongs, Olaf; Finn, Bryan; Poulsen, Flemming; Kragelund, Birthe B.

Abstract

Neuronal calcium sensor 1 (NCS-1) and orthologs are expressed in all organisms from yeast to humans. In the latter, NCS-1 plays an important role in neurotransmitter release and interacts with a plethora of binding partners mostly through a large solvent-exposed hydrophobic crevice. The structural basis behind the multispecific binding profile is not understood. To begin to address this, we applied NMR spectroscopy to determine the solution structure of calcium-bound human NCS-1. The structure in solution demonstrates interdomain flexibility and, in the absence of a binding partner, the C-terminal tail residues occupy the hydrophobic crevice as a ligand mimic. A variant with a C-terminal tail deletion shows lack of a defined structure but maintained cooperative unfolding and dramatically reduced global stability. The results suggest that the C-terminal tail is important for regulating the conformational stability of the Ca2+-activated state. Furthermore, a single amino acid mutation that was recently diagnosed in a patient with autistic spectrum disorder was seen to affect the C-terminal tail and binding crevice in NCS-1. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

NCS-1; NMR; membrane interaction; calcium binding; protein stability

Published in

Journal of Molecular Biology
2012, Volume: 417, number: 1-2, pages: 51-64
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2011.12.049

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/45730