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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2012

Effects of muscle lipid concentration on wild and hatchery brown trout (Salmo trutta) smolt migration

Larsson, Stefan; Serrano, Ignacio; Eriksson, Lars-Ove


Annually, hatchery programs are releasing millions of salmonid smolts into the Baltic Sea. Recent estimations indicate a decline in smolt sea survival, questioning the ecological and socioeconomic values of these programs. Concurrently, hatchery smolts have increased in lipid concentration. Salmonids display partial migration, and it is suggested that the ratio of migrants/residents is affected by individual smolt energetic status. To test whether the increased energetic status of hatchery smolts could explain the noted decrease in survival, we released wild trout smolts, conventional hatchery smolts, and hatchery smolts of low energetic status into a Baltic Sea river. Using telemetry, we obtained data on the number of successful migrants, their swimming speed, and diel migratory behaviour. A much lower proportion of conventional smolts (30%) successfully migrated to the coast. No difference was found between wild (74%) and hatchery smolts of low energetic status (64%). Furthermore, conventional smolts migrated slower and showed no diel migratory pattern. The results are of high relevance for hatchery programs producing partially migrating fish.

Published in

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
2012, volume: 69, number: 1, pages: 1-12

Authors' information

Larsson, Stefan
Serrano, Ignacio
Eriksson, Lars-Ove
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies

UKÄ Subject classification

Fish and Aquacultural Science

Publication Identifiers


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