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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2011

Approaches to classifying and restoring degraded tropical forests for the anticipated REDD plus climate change mitigation mechanism

Sasaki, Nophea; Asner, Gregory P.; Knorr, Wolfgang; Durst, Patrick B.; Priyadi Rusantoyo, Hari; Putz, Francis E.


Inclusion of improved forest management as a way to enhance carbon sinks in the Copenhagen Accord of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (December 2009) suggests that forest restoration will play a role in global climate change mitigation under the post-Kyoto agreement. Although discussions about restoration strategies often pertain solely to severely degraded tropical forests and invoke only the enrichment planting option, different approaches to restoration are needed to counter the full range of degrees of degradation. We propose approaches for restoration of forests that range from being slightly to severely degraded. Our methods start with ceasing the causes of degradation and letting forests regenerate on their own, progress through active management of natural regeneration in degraded areas to accelerate tree regeneration and growth, and finally include the stage of degradation at which re-planting is necessary. We argue that when the appropriate techniques are employed, forest restoration is cost-effective relative to conventional planting, provides abundant social and ecological co-benefits, and results in the sequestration of substantial amounts of carbon. For forest restoration efforts to succeed, a supportive post-Kyoto agreement is needed as well as appropriate national policies, institutional arrangements, and local participation.


Assisted natural regeneration; Biodiversity; Climate change agreement; Forest restoration; REDD-plus; Reduced-impact logging; Silviculture

Published in

2011, volume: 4, pages: 1-6

Authors' information

Sasaki, Nophea
Asner, Gregory P.
Knorr, Wolfgang
Durst, Patrick B.
Priyadi Rusantoyo, Hari
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Putz, Francis E.
University of Florida

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land
SDG13 Climate action

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


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