- Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Veronesi, MC; Panzani, S; Govoni, N; Kindahl, Hans ; Galeati, G; Robbe, D; Carluccio, A
The transition from intra- to extrauterine environment represents a very delicate phase, in which the successful coordination of maturation is strictly connected with several hormonal changes during the last weeks of gestation and at parturition. While the peripartal endocrinology in the mare has been deeply investigated, the peripartal hormonal changes in the jenny need further evaluation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the mean 15-ketodihydro-PGF(2 alpha), (PGFM), cortisol (C), progesterone (P4), and 17 beta-estradiol (E2) levels during the peripartal period in this species. Ten Martina Franca jennies, with normal gestational length and parturition, were enrolled. From each jenny, blood was collected twice a day from 10 d before to 7 d after parturition and from the plasma obtained PGFM, C, P4 and E2 were analyzed by RIA. Higher, constant PGFM concentrations were observed in the pre-foaling days compared to the decreasing levels detected the days after delivery, as previously observed in the mare. During the whole period of observation no significant differences in plasma C levels were detected. In contrast to the mare, P4 has always been detectable and the highest level found at -2.5 days was significantly different compared to samples obtained between -10 and -4.5 days and between 1.5 and 7 days after foaling. Finally, E2 showed higher concentrations before foaling, with the highest values between -3 and -1.5 days, decreasing only one day before foaling. A positive correlation was found between PGFM and P4, during the last 4 days of gestation, while a positive correlation between PGFM and E2 was observed during the prepartum. Despite some similarities with the mare exist, differences have been found in P4 and E2 profiles, underlining once more the differences in the physiology of this two species. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Hormones; Jenny; Peripartum
2011, Volume: 75, number: 4, pages: 752-759
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Animal and Dairy Science