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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2010

Complete Genome Analysis of an Avian Paramyxovirus Type 1 Strain Isolated in 1994 from an Asymptomatic Black-Headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) in Southern Sweden

Munir, Muhammad; Linde, Anna-Malin; Zohari, Siamak; Ståhl, Karl; Baule, Claudia; Holm, Kerstin; Engström, Björn; Berg, Mikael


The complete genome sequence of an avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV-1) isolated from a black-headed gull (Larus ridibundus) in Sweden was determined and compared with other APMV-1 sequences. Sequence analyses showed that this isolate consists of six genes in the order 3'-NP-P-M-F-HN-L-5', is 15,186 nucleotides long, and contains a typical, avirulent fusion protein cleavage site. It was also shown to have a hemagglutinin-neuraminidase protein with a length of 585 amino acids (aa) instead of the expected 616 aa. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the isolate belongs to genotype I, and the relationship with some other, known APMV-1 virus sequences was revealed. Waterfowl have been considered to act as a reservoir for APMV-1 and, therefore, it is important to broaden the knowledge of viruses circulating within this population.


avian paramyxovirus serotype I; Newcastle disease virus; black-headed gull; Sweden; complete genome sequencing

Published in

Avian Diseases
2010, Volume: 54, number: 2, pages: 923-930