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Research article2004Peer reviewedOpen access

X-ray structure of peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase A from Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Henriksson LM, Johansson P, Unge T, Mowbray SL


Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerases (EC catalyse the interconversion of cis and trans peptide bonds and are therefore considered to be important for protein folding. They are also thought to participate in processes such as signalling, cell surface recognition, chaperoning and heat-shock response. Here we report the soluble expression of recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase PpiA in Escherichia coli, together with an investigation of its structure and biochemical properties. The protein was shown to be active in a spectrophotometric assay, with an estimated k(cat)/K-m of 2.0 x 10(6) m(-1).s(-1). The X-ray structure of PpiA was solved by molecular replacement, and refined to a resolution of 2.6 Angstrom with R and R-free values of 21.3% and 22.9%, respectively. Comparisons to known structures show that the PpiA represents a slight variation on the peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase fold, previously not represented in the Protein Data Bank. Inspection of the active site suggests that specificity for substrates and cyclosporin A will be similar to that found for most other enzymes of this structural family. Comparison to the sequence of the second M. tuberculosis enzyme, PpiB, suggests that binding of peptide substrates as well as cyclosporin A may differ in that case

Published in

European Journal of Biochemistry
2004, Volume: 271, number: 20, pages: 4107-4113

      SLU Authors

    • Mowbray, Sherry

      • Department of Molecular Biosciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

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