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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 1998

Incidences and effects of diseases on the performance of Swedish dairy herds stratified by production

Emanuelson, Ulf; Oltenacu, Pascal


An increase in production was associated with increased frequencies of treatments of most diseases, shorter intervals from calving to first artificial insemination, fewer days open, and lower culling rates. Cows treated for metritis, silent estrus, and cystic ovaries had an increased number of days to first artificial insemination and more days open. However, the negative consequences of these diseases on reproductive performance decreased as herd production increased. The risk of culling was higher for cows treated for dystocia, cystic ovaries, and mastitis, but the increase in the risk of culling was lower for higher producing herds. Similar trends were observed when herds were stratified by estrus detection efficiency. The results support the hypothesis that herd management, as characterized by milk production or estrus detection efficiency, is important in the incidences and consequences of diseases. Herd management, measured directly or indirectly, should be considered when the health status or cost of disease for a given herd is evaluated.


dairy cows; risk factors; herd production; estrus detection efficiency

Published in

Journal of Dairy Science
1998, volume: 81, number: 9, pages: 2376-2382

Authors' information

Swedish Association for Livestock Breeding and Production (SHS)
Oltenacu, Pascal
Cornell University

UKÄ Subject classification

Other Veterinary Science

Publication Identifiers


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