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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2009

Forest management after the economic transition-at the crossroads between German and Scandinavian traditions

Brukas, Vilis; Weber, Norbert


Germany and Scandinavia represent two paradigmatic forest management traditions, based on management for volume and management for profit, respectively. This study examines the prevailing silvicultural regimes and resulting economic outcomes in Germany and Sweden as benchmarks, and then corresponding analyses are performed for post-transition EU countries. represented by Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The analyses reveal a regional gradient where Poland stands closest to the German tradition, Latvia goes through a "scandinavisation", and Lithuania takes an intermediate position. Poland adheres to longer rotations and follows the principle of self-sufficiency, while economic efficiency has gained increased importance in Latvia. The observed gradient is likely to be sustained in the coming decades as the survey of key forest sector stakeholders reveals ideological patterns that correlate with the pace of reform of State forestry in Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Forest management; Profitability; Stakeholders; Comparative analysis

Published in

Forest Policy and Economics
2009, Volume: 11, number: 8, pages: 586-592

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Forest Science

    Publication Identifiers


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